Excavation Definition in Residential Construction

November 25, 20210

Excavation is a delicate process that requires patience and expertise. In its simplest terms, excavation generally means removing soil or rock from an area in order to make room for something else; whether it’s building construction on your site or excavating below ground level at some other location. OSHA defines this type of work as “any man-made cut, cavity trenching , depression created by earth removal.”


There are many types of heavy machinery that can be used for excavation. A backhoe has both an arm with digging bucket on it, and another one where you shovel dirt into when making a hole in the ground or removing something from beneath your feet!

Common Types of Excavation in Residential Construction

Cut and Fill

Before the cut and fill, one would usually clear the area of vegetation and strip off topsoil from a building pad. In this video below on skid-steer equipment, an operator is doing just that for us viewers at home!


It’s important to know the difference between different types of construction when it comes time for your home or business. Trenching is an excavation method where lengths exceed depths, and can be as narrow as 4 inches wide (or less). It’s typically used in burial utility lines like water, sewer gas services; however power cables will also be installed along with phone/cable trenches too!


Rock excavation is no easy feat, and it takes a lot more than just hard work to get through.

There’s nothing like the sound of thunderous machinery in your ears: rock breaker attachment swinging back and forth as it breaks apart stone around you while heavy gear churns up dirt below!

The video below shows what we mean by this- take note contractors working at breakneck speeds with such machines can sometimes provide better results than other methods do – so if one type doesn’t quite cut out enough material for us then try another until satisfied.

Footing Excavation

When it comes to building a house, the excavation is an important step in getting all of your materials and equipment where they need be. In this video we see one such excavator prepare for installation by lowering itself below ground level so that its Footings can set securely into any frosty soil around here without risking damage from heaving or sinking due only expansion/contraction (frost)

The output should sound friendly with enough information given away about what was said but not too much detail.


The basement is the part of your home that you don’t see.

It’s where all sorts go to escape from light and noise; but it also has an important role in keeping everything running smoothly!

Basements can be completely below grade, like with daylight basements (which makes for easy access), or at ground level on one side while having another section exposed above-ground too – this type would require excavation by heavy equipment such as excavators or track loaders.

The excavation definition outlined above only covers the most common processes in residential construction.

The other types, like Portland cement based ones or lime mortars for instance are not as popular these days but they can still be used if necessary!

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